As far as free trade agreements are concerned, the exclusive competence of the EU can arise in two ways. Firstly, the common trade policy falls under the exclusive competence of the European Union, in accordance with the EU treaties. Therefore, all provisions of a free trade agreement covering areas such as trade in goods or health and plant health measures fall under the exclusive competence of the EU. The European Court of Justice (ECJ) interprets the scope of the common trade policy very broadly and argues that foreign direct investment, most services and sustainable development provisions are all within the scope of the common trade policy and hence the exclusive competence of the EU. The EXCLUSIVE competence of the EU can also arise when provisions of an international agreement violate the EU`s internal rules or change their scope. 178. MP Charlie McConalogue called on the Minister for Business, Business and Innovation to secure the ratification process at EU and Member State level for the ratification of potential European trade agreements with Mercosur`s trade bloc on market access and quotas; Items that fall under the EXCLUSIVE jurisdiction of the EU; and areas requiring national approval. [29032/19] 177. Deputy MP Charlie McConalogue called on the Minister for Business, Business and Innovation to adopt the likely procedure at EU and Member State level for the ratification of a final Mercosur trade agreement on market access, quotas and elements of exclusive EU jurisdiction, as well as on areas that require authorisation at national level; If, to date, she or her fellow ministers have carried out evaluations of the scenario; and whether the city must ratify parts of a final agreement with Mercosur, including the provisional implementation of the agreement.
[29031/19] „Mixed” agreements only come into force after approval by each MEMBER state of the European Union according to its own national procedures. Since this process can take several years, the Commission could propose the provisional application of the agreement to aspects of the agreement that fall within its exclusive jurisdiction, such as trade. This provisional application requires the approval of the Council and ratification by the European Parliament. It is not possible, at this stage, to say definitively what time frames can apply to the ratification of the EU-Mercosur agreement until a final text has been adopted. However, according to my ministry`s agreement, the EU-Mercosur agreement will endeavour to reach a „mixed” agreement that will ultimately require the involvement of D. Eireann in its ratification process. Modern EU free trade agreements want to do more than reduce tariffs. In addition, they aim to improve market access by removing non-tariff barriers (for example. B, regulatory cooperation), liberalizing trade in services and opening markets to public procurement. These agreements go far beyond the scope of the WTO. These include competition rules, access to foreign direct investment and rules guaranteeing sustainability (employment and the environment). The EU is working to modernise previous agreements with Chile and Mexico, which contain only fundamental economic aspects.
22 See the European Parliament`s commentary, is CETA a joint agreement?, 1 July 2016, available on the internet at (1 September 2016) (available 1 September 2016). The central pillar of rules-based and open trade should always be the WTO. This is the first and best way to open markets around the world and establish new rules for trade.